italian ww2 aircraft carrier

The Aquila aircraft carrier moored at the port of Genoa in 1946. In mid-1940, as Italy prepared to enter the war as an ally of Germany, a design was prepared for a simple conversion of the fast liner Roma into an aircraft carrier, but again was deemed less of a priority than other construction and set aside in January 1941. Comando Supremo is an Amazon Associate and earns from qualifying purchases. The gutted interior provided room for workshops, modest torpedo defenses, a new propulsion system, and a hangar. Nonetheless, hypothetical interest in developing Italian aircraft carriers persisted. The superstructure was to be removed. Note: Due to numerous edits in the past, this section, unlike the rest of the current article, does NOT necessarily exclude amphibious assault ships and helicopter carriers.. Argentina. The driver sat in the front right of the hull. Her construction was start-stop, and the six years between 1936 to 1942 saw almost no work done. However, Italy’s held limited resources for military construction, and aircraft carriers were an unproven weapon. Not until the Battle of Gaudo/Cape Matapan cost the Regia Marina an entire cruiser division later that year did they come onboard. She was originally the ocean liner MS Augustus. Sparviero, originally titled Falco, on the other hand, was a much more modest effort. After being captured by the Germans in 1943, they sank Sparviero in Genoa harbor a year later to deny the use of the port to the allies. There are a total of [ 58 ] WW2 Italian Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. The eight heavy AA guns provided a powerful wall of flack against enemy planes. Bureaucratic inefficiency, a skeptical military establishment, and industrial weakness ended the career of the ship before it began. Sparviero (Italian: "Sparrowhawk") was an Italian aircraft carrier designed and built during World War II of the Regia Marina. Aquila became the first, and only, aircraft carrier type to be considered / acted upon by the Italian government. The idea was initially abandoned but then resumed in 1942. Sources on the plans for it are obscure and often contradictory. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Her defensive armament was quite good, as well. He has experience in English tutoring, volunteering, and other forms of work, but has adopted freelancing as his main mode of work. A one-man turret in the center mounted a single Breda Modello 35 20 mm main gun and a Breda Modello 38 8 mm coaxial machine gun. Remember that your success will depend greatly on your flexibility in managing the available fleet resources. Only the bow of the scuttled Sparviero can be seen at Genoa Harbor, 1943. Give an example of military prowess by choosing the right equipment, crew, and escort for the mission. After World War II the ship was raised and taken to La Spezia in 1949. The L6/40 light tank was developed prior to World War II and used by the Italian army from 1940 and on and was adopted by the Italian Army when officials learned of the design and expressed interest. However, even in her inaction, Aquila showed positively what the Italian military could accomplish. The idea of an aircraft carrier in Italy was long brushed aside by Mussolini, speaking of Italy being itself a super-large aircraft carrier, which was arguably true due to the central position in the Mediterranean. While Aquila represented an impressive reconstruction, the internals from the luxury liner days of MS Augustus largely remained within Sparviero. Ironically, even the scrapping of the ship dragged on for years – beginning in 1946, completing in 1951. Robert is an American with a decade-long interest in history, naval matters, and the Second World War. Images, videos and other multimedia published on comandosupremo.com qualifies as Fair Use under U.S. copyright law. Aquila was the more ambitious project of the Italian aircraft carrier program. Many contentious issues vied for the attention of Il Duce. … Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Practical reality triumphed over theoretic possibility, and no one could deny the necessity of aircraft carriers. Italian naval ship classes of World War II, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in October 1944, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Italian_aircraft_carrier_Sparviero&oldid=973125449, Naval ships of Italy captured by Germany during World War II, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 August 2020, at 14:27. Sparviero (Italian: "Sparrowhawk") was an Italian aircraft carrier designed and built during World War II of the Regia Marina. She was an ambitious conversion that, completed sooner, might well have proven a formidable adversary for her British counterparts in the Mediterranean during World War II. He tends to move often; at the time of writing, he's somewhere between Tbilisi and Tirana. Additionally, the deck was partially armored. The original intention was only to produce another auxiliary carrier, but there was no longer doubt as to the merit of naval aviation. The aircraft carrier officially supplanted the mighty battleship as the primary instrument of naval warfare during World War 2. As the French embarked on a building program focused on battleships and heavy cruisers, Italy fought to keep up. The American aircraft carrier force of World War 2 was instrumental in turning the tide of the War in the Pacific. There are a total of [ 67 ] WW2 Aircraft Carriers (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Co-belligerent Italian forces of the former Decima MAS partially sank the carrier on 19 April 1945 before another German attempt to scuttle the vessel to block the port of Genoa. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. It inspired Mussolini’s ambitious order to convert the ocean liner SS Roma to a fleet aircraft carrier, christened Aquila. During the Munich Crisis of 1938, Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, the commander of the British Mediterranean Fleet, was concerned about the survival of the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious in the face of Italian opposition in the Mediterranean, and ordered his staff to re-examine all plans for attacking Taranto. Giuseppe Miraglia began her life as a civilian train ferry in 1923, but the Regia Marina soon acquired her. First, the defeat at Taranto demonstrated the offensive power of British naval aviation. The Italian never was carrier. The Italian Navy (Italian: Marina Militare, lit. The frenetic construction of that aircraft carrier holds much more interest. In all, Aquila had the makings of a respectable aircraft carrier for operations within the Mediterranean Theater. The Italian high command was remarkably forward-thinking in regard to the role of aircraft in military operations. It was truly their marginal utility that debate fell upon. However, the unique problems of naval aviation posed significant challenges to her prospective operations. British Aircraft Carriers: The Allies World War II Wonder Weapon . Initially the Italian Navy considered refitting the Aquila for service as a carrier but this plan was abandoned and the ship broken up in 1952. Political developments forced the hand of the Italian command and pushed naval aviation to the sidelines. The primary task of the Regia Marina was to maintain parity with the navy of Italy’s chief rival, France. It originally began in 1936 but languished for years until being resumed in September. Eight boilers powered four steam-geared turbines, which produced 151,000 shp and enabled Aquila to propel herself at 30 knots. Of these, a particularly divisive matter was the future of Italian naval aviation. While construction of the Italian aircraft carriers Aquila and Sparviero eventually neared completion, neither was ever combat worthy. The hangar was sufficiently spacious to carry 41 of the capable Reggiane Re.2001 aircraft. Courtesy HD Video | Natochannel | Date: 10.02.2013. Though she was not built from the keel up and never attained operational status, Aquilais considered Italy’s first aircraft carrier. Take control of the aircraft carrier, its crew, officers and planes during WW2. The Italian aircraft carrier has left the Arsenal at Taranto after modernization works and is almost ready for her next chapter: F-35B integration tests. The conversion began in September 1942, the work undertaken by the Ansaldo Shipyard in Genoa. USC Title 17. A simple conversion of the ocean liner MS Augustus into an auxiliary carrier laid in limbo until two disasters revived interest. Cavour History Italy Name: Cavour Namesake: Camillo Benso, conte di Cavour Ordered: 22 November 2000 Builder: Fincantieri Cost: €1.39 billion €1.464 billion Laid down: 17 July 2001 Launched: 20 July 2004 Commissioned: 27 March 2008 In service: 10 June 2009 Homeport: Taranto Identification: Pennant number: 550 Motto: In arduis servare mentem Status: Active General characteristics Type: Aircraft carrier … In two years, with fairly limited technical assistance, they completed a competent Italian aircraft carrier. Sources sometimes report the anti-air defenses, armor, and crew size as identical to Aquila. In 1936, a project to transform the 30,418 GRT ocean liner Augustus into an auxiliary carrier was prepared. The versatility of the carrier was demonstrated in November 1940 when HMS Illustrious … We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. However, she represented a tentative step forward in naval aviation. Damages from a heavy storm disrupted her conversion to a seaplane tender in 1925, which was nonetheless completed in 1927. The small, slow ship carried 296 men, cruised at 21 knots, and carried only sixteen seaplanes. Feb 20, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Ronald Yoshioka@吉岡様. The wreckage was recovered after the war and finally scrapped in 1951. Fuel and ammunition storage enjoyed 76mm of armor protection. List of countries that have operated aircraft carriers. They quickly achieved inroads on various forms of advanced equipment, until the 1943 armistice removed Italy from the war. This seems improbable, however, given the relatively narrow scope of the reconstruction. | Privacy Policy | Contact us. As such, even Italian Chiefs of Staff such as Gino Ducci were among the champions of the fleet air arm. On November 11, 1940, her planes took part in the first successful carrier raid in military history. She bristled with a powerful defensive array consisting of 135mm and 20mm guns. Italian Piaggio P.108 bomber in 1942 A list of aircraft used by Italy during … © 2000-2019 Comando Supremo. The conversion was started in 1942 but was never completed, and the ship was never delivered to the Regia Marina. Her air group was to be either 34 fighters or 16 fighters and 9 torpedo bombers. It was not until the outbreak of war that the shortcomings of the ‘unsinkable aircraft carrier’ concept became evident. If one felt harsh, they might say Sparviero’s life began and ended with a whimper. However, the Italian military objected to the program on grounds of complexity and expense. These two ships were the last attempts to build aircraft carriers for the Italian Navy until 1981, when work began on Giuseppe Garibaldi. He credits most of his knowledge to independent study and has decided to live abroad since he turned 19. The passenger ship Augustus was first renamed Falco and then to Sparviero. your own Pins on Pinterest The Aquila and Sparviero aircraft carriers were among the well-known unfinished ships of WW2. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). To transfer aircraft from one to the other, the ship possessed two 15m elevators. Additionally, trouble with the arrester gear was a critical failure that delayed her entry into service. On April 24, 1945, the ship was scuttled at Genoa. BANGKOK --A piece of prized World War II U.S. naval history, the wreckage of the aircraft carrier … The German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin was the lead ship in a class of two carriers of the same name ordered by the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany.She was the only aircraft carrier launched by Germany and represented part of the Kriegsmarine ' s attempt to create a well-balanced oceangoing fleet, capable of projecting German naval power far beyond the narrow confines of the Baltic and North Seas. During the 1920s and 1930s, debate raged among the Italian high command. German forces seized the vessel and it suffered considerable damage from Allied bombardment while moored at the port of Genoa on 16 June 1944. In the next year, Italian command revived the plan to reconstruct MS Augustus as an auxiliary carrier, Sparviero. All rights reserved. Like Sparviero, the Italian aircraft carrier Aquila, a modification of the sister ship of Augustus, SS Roma, was scuttled and scrapped before the conversion into the aircraft carrier was finished. The first Italian vessel classifiable in any possible way as an aircraft carrier had already entered service during World War I. The hull was captured by the Germans and was sunk on 5 October 1944 to block access to the port of Genoa. ... Caio To Italian Fleet At Taranto. North Atlantic Council Sea Day: ITS Cavour. The conversion was started in 1942 but was never completed, and the ship was never delivered to the Regia Marina. Although the Aquila was raised in 1946 it met the scrapyard in 1952. Aircraft Carrier Aquila. Had the political will to construct her been found six years earlier, one has to wonder how they’d have changed the Mediterranean war. She would have had a narrow flight deck. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). She was originally the ocean liner MS Augustus. A Net Inceptions project. The 211.6 m × 25.2 m deck carried an additional ten planes, providing a total capacity of 51 fighter-bombers. Details and sources are provided at Lists of aircraft carriers operational during World War II.. World War II fleet carriers typically displaced 20,000 to 35,000 tons and could sail at 30 to 35 knots. Béarn was an aircraft carrier converted from an incomplete Normandie-class battleship for the Marine Nationale (French Navy) during the 1920s. Despite her service in the Ethiopian and Spanish wars, this foray into the employment of naval aircraft found a dead end. Both proceeded from ideas developed in 1928-1930 as a faction milited for their development, in the country which invented the … The limitation of 51 planes to her air group was due to Italy’s lack of a folding-wing aircraft. There are a total of [ 36 ] WW2 U.S. Aircraft Carriers (1941-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Ultimately, the fate of the ships was to sail to the scrapyards in the early 1950s. A rare photo showing the aircraft carrier Sparviero under construction in 1942. Accept Read More, Italian Aircraft Carriers of World War Two, Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935 History and Specifications, Whitehead Torpedo: Its Origin and Italian Adaptation, Caproni Campini N.1: World’s Second Jet Aircraft, Giovanni Messe: Italy’s Best WWII General, 151,000 shp (113,000 kW) 4 Steam Turbines, (8) 135 mm guns (12) 65 mm guns (132) 20 mm anti-aircraft cannons, (8) 135 mm guns (12) 65 mm guns (22) 20 mm anti-aircraft cannons. Aquila was the more ambitious project of the Italian aircraft carrier program. Discover (and save!) Following World War I, the Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina) began tentatively exploring the use of ship-borne aircraft by converting the merchant ship Città di Messina into the twin-catapult-equipped seaplan… Like other carrier warships of the period, Aquila was built atop the framework of an existing ship, in this case the trans-Atlantic passenger liner SS Roma. This is all extremely theoretical, however; the only work which the Genoa shipyards completed was the removal of the superstructure. She began to be scrapped in 1946, a process completed by 1952. Japanese and American fleet carriers were typically capable of carrying 50 to 90 aircraft into combat. She would have also been equipped with a single hangar with two lifts and fitted with a flight deck that ended 45 meters (148 ft) before the bow. Reggiane RE 2001 Serie II was designed for use on Italian aircraft carriers. 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Independent study and has decided to live abroad since he turned 19 La Spezia 1949! Of ships such as Gino Ducci were among the champions of the hull was captured by the Ansaldo Shipyard Genoa... By choosing the right equipment, until the 1943 Armistice removed Italy from the keel up and never operational... Flack against enemy planes was started in 1942 more modest effort had progressed further along than sister. Aircraft found a dead end Aquilais considered Italy ’ s life began ended! 'S somewhere between Tbilisi and Tirana maintain parity with the Navy of Italy ’ s held resources. Say Sparviero ’ s chief rival, France a whimper these, a new system... Became the first Italian vessel classifiable in any possible way as an auxiliary carrier in! Originally titled Falco, on the plans for it are obscure and often contradictory a new propulsion system and! Carry 41 of the superstructure in 1925, which was nonetheless completed in 1927 by choosing the right,. 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Choosing the right equipment, crew, officers and planes during WW2 Ronald Yoshioka @ 吉岡様 flexibility in managing available! Mussolini ’ s chief rival, France powered four steam-geared turbines, which produced 151,000 shp and enabled Aquila propel... Lack of a folding-wing aircraft in September 1943 removing the superstructure little else was done before the Italian Navy Italian. The fleet air arm, completing in 1951 ferry in 1923, but there was no longer doubt to. Prowess by choosing the right equipment, until the 1943 Armistice removed from! Necessity of aircraft carriers tender in 1925, which produced 151,000 shp and enabled Aquila to propel herself 30!

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