advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan

AS the country’s fisheries face challenges and remain below their economic potential, a Blue Revolution has been proposed to increase fisheries’ production, and improve value-addition to drive both domestic and export oriented growth. Describe how the weight of fish caught changed in the years between 1996 and 2006. The report said the prospects for an economically vibrant and growing fishery were poor, and reduced exports, value, and food fish production were all to be expected even as fish meal production increases. Pakistan is a peaceful country and it is islamic democracy and they export fish to all over the world. In the non-mechanical category there are dried fish, dried shrimp, shark fin, fish maw/stomach, live lobster, live crab and fish roes/ovaries. Flake ice plants on harbours. Pakistan Fish Exports Up 27.94 Percent, Netting $451.026 Million in FY18 The decline in the marine fishery is basically due to over fishing and growing human population is the main cause. It contributes only 0.3 percent to overall Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 1.3 percent to agricultural GDP and less than 1 percent to national employment. Are thank you letters to companies that interviewed you a thing of the past?  More employment/more income. Pakistan has a coastline divided into the Sindh (30%) and the Mekran (70%) coasts. The Financial Daily is Pakistan's most comprehensive financial newspaper and financial news website. However, by paying more attention to fisheries sector, the country’s production and export of fish and fishery products can be increased, and the country’s economy as a whole can be boosted. This declining employment is most apparent in the inland sector. This survey has been conducted by FAO in 2010. Similar is the position of warm water fisheries potential of production throughout Pakistan which can also provide off farm employment and income for the rural population as well as export earnings for the country. It is recommended that policy and regulatory steps be taken to reduce the fleet size overall to less than 6,000 vessels and the trawler fleet should be specifically limited to less than 600 out of the total, recommended the project findings. tOver 40 million people in the developing world are engaged in fishing and fish farming. Other buyers include Hong Kong, Indonesia, Egypt, Middle East, UK, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh etc. The contribution of aquaculture is too meager as compared to fisheries. In order to develop fisheries Pakistan should require balanced resource management. The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. Related information Safety for fishermen Fishing at sea is probably the most dangerous occupation in the world. Pakistan’s fishing grounds are termed as highly rich in marine life with a vast variety of The stagnant fisheries sector directly effect standard of living of this community. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. Country’s fish exports plunged to 28,185 ton ($67 million) versus 29,544 ton valuing $76m in same period last fiscal. Fish habitats have been badly affected by industrial waste overuse of reef area and sea visitors. As far as marine capture fisheries are concerned, the World Bank report warned that Pakistan’s major marine fisheries are either fully or overexploited. the Fishing for Development joint meeting, which was held in April 2014 at OECD headquarters in Paris. Now, there are over 2,400 trawlers, most have switched from shrimp to ‘trash’ fishing as a result of the depleted stocks, and more are still being built. Trout is more than 50000-100000 metric ton per cycle worth more than half a billion dollars revenue and creating employment for the rural youth in the remote hilly rural regions of the country. The overall status for all the major fish stocks of Pakistan is that they are all below target biomass levels and nine of the species groups are below the depleted threshold, said the project report. Pakistan economy is rural based where 70 percent of the work force is engaged in different agricultural activities. Fishery management represents an organization consist of resources, industry market which are the basic pillars of fishery sector maintenance and these factors are interconnected with each other. Akhlaque said commercial fish stocks had not depleted completely. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. Which view do you agree with more? The major commercial fish stocks face considerable overfishing, and in some instances, are already depleted. This need for Pakistani fish has boosted fishing industry. Are Congress right to give   $15 billion in aid for independent music venues and movie theaters or no? • evaluate the benefits of developing mineral resources and understand the sustainability of extraction ... • understand the problems facing the fishing industry and evaluate the possibilities for its further development and sustainability. Read the following two views about ways to develop the fishing industry in Pakistan sustainably: B Developing marine fishing has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. It is clear that, the probable future need for considerable labor in marketing and distribution, the greatest potential for creating new jobs will be in the secondary sector. Fisheries currently contribute only 0.4 percent to the GDP, and the sector’s approximately $350 million of exports appears to be at a standstill. Muhammad Ali Shah, chairmen Pakistan Fisher folk Forum, a representative body of fishermen, said processing and transportation of fish to the harbor was poor, which deteriorated the fish quality resulting in lower prices in the international market. The potential of only one type of fish i.e. In 1958, the first modern fish harbour was constructed at the Karachi District. He said quality seafood stocks were depleting in Pakistani waters because of overfishing and use of destructive nets. The country has experimented with several economic models during its existence. Aquaculture in Pakistan has immense potential for development of fisheries sector and in fact it is gradually increasing. Projected sea level rise and increased cyclonic activity due to higher sea surface temperatures threaten mangrove areas, which are crucial to wild shrimp breeding, one of Pakistan’s largest export fisheries. Promotion of marine aquaculture. Fisheries Development Strategy SMEDA 5 Introduction Pakistan has a total coastline of 1,050 km and a total fishing area of approximately 300,270 sq. 1. Almost 100 percent of the frozen and canned fishery products are exported, while the bulk of the processed fishmeal is used in the country in the manufacture of poultry feed or fish feed. Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education tIndirect contribution from improved child health and income for women. The inland fisheries has a great potential also which is often overlooked and of low priority by the policy makers. Aquaculture is also seen as a means of filling an expected future gap between supply and demand for fish. When ban on fishing is fully implemented during the breeding season in June and July, better stocks develop, he said, adding that since the ban was implemented there were chances of better fishing in the current fiscal year. Introduction →Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and sea. Both the fish commodities, dried, salted or smoked and frozen excluding fillets and meat, also have increased in their production; however the production of latter commodity surpassed during the last five years. U.S. count shows no Pakistan F-16s shot down in Indian battle: report, 2019 with coming year of 2020 for Pakistan economy, The History of Palestine and Israel in the light of Hebrew Bible, Professor Noam Chomsky : “Father of modern linguistics”, Karachi can see lowest temperature in 7 years today: Met, Turkey observing 2nd anniversary of failed coup on Sunday, New missile gap leaves US scrambling to counter China. According to the World Bank, the National Policy and Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development in Pakistan drafted during Musharraf’s era remains largely relevant, though it was not adopted at the time due to political transition. In the 1980s it was judged that 550 shrimp trawlers would be sufficient to economically harvest the shrimp. If coastal aquaculture of high value shrimp and finfish species were to develop, export earnings would increase. Comparisons to other countries in the region suggest that Pakistan is failing to fully realize the potential of its capture. The quantity was down 2.87 percent to 5,452 ton from 5,613 ton. He said fishery management laws should be of good policy and result oriented quality. Seafood exports, already down by 11.3 percent in the first quarter of 2018-19, may drop further as trawlers and other boat owners have stopped going for fresh catch of fish and shrimps. Shrimp culture for export pur- The export of fish and fishery products has increased by 21.6 percent in quantity and 10.5 percent in value during 2017 to 18. He blames it on the lower quality of fish meal. Farmed fish tend to be marketed either at the farm gate, through intermediaries or by open auction, where ice-packed fish is sent to fish markets and sold. kms. In the 1980s it was estimated that the fleet was approximately 6,500 vessels and it is now over 11,500. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. On the other hand, fish farming is an important source of income for aquaculture investors. Industry stakeholders complain that Pakistani seafood fetches lower value in the international market as the quantity of exportable fish has depleted due to various reasons, including overfishing. Employment in the secondary sector processing/marketing is estimated to be around 55,000. Products are sold into the market to wholesalers and then onto retailers and end consumers through agents working on a commission basis. Diversification, which includes aquaculture, which can be considered to be the single most promising source of farm poverty reduction in the coming years in Pakistan. Economically, balanced fishery management requires the revolution of common property through a restricted entry system intended to raise net benefits from the fishery. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. Fisheries and aquaculture in Pakistan face specific impacts from climate change. World Bank Warned that Pakistan’s Major Marine Fisheries Are Either Fully or Overly Exploited Over fishing is the major cause behind depletion of fish resources. Patron Sindh Trawlers and Fisherman Association (Stofa), Sarwar Siddiqui said STOFA, PFEA and Fishermen Cooperative Society have moved to the Sindh High Court against the deep sea fishing licensing policy. In the world, and hence in Pakistan, fish is considered a cheap source of protein diet. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. At WorldFish, we spend a lot of time thinking about how improving fisheries and aquaculture can reduce poverty and hunger. Both the recipient and the donor can benefit in numerous ways. Fish caught at Keti Bunder is transported to Karachi Fish Harbor in a poor manner, which deteriorates its quality. With a coastline of 814 km Pakistan has enough resources for that remains to fully development. Although its share of the GDP currently is 0.9%, Pakistan earns 6% of its total foreign exchange earnings by exporting fishes, shrimps and other fish products. Later, the fleet expanded and is now mostly mechanized. The volume of fish exports during 2013-2014 was 140,000-150,000 ton this was mainly due to reopening of EU market and high demand of Pakistani fish mainly in China and Vietnam. According to Economic Survey of Pakistan, total fish catch during 2013-2014 increased slightly i.e. The meeting was convened to initiate a dialogue between the fisheries and the development policy communities from OECD and FAO Members and partner countries on key issues of shared interest. Out of total Fishing industry plays very important role in the development of national economy. Pasni is a medium-sized city and a fishing port in alongside the Makran coastline Baluchistan, Pakistan. Fish markets are very common in Sindh and at selected locations in Punjab. The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. If there is any irregularity to manage fish resources and their management, Government has been enforced to mediate, rightly or wrongly, to fill this space. Karachi and Mekran are the most important fishing ports and are being developed by the Govt of Pakistan as a fishing centre by providing improved facilities such as an ice-factory, refrigeration plants, etc. The agriculture with aquaculture needs: intensification, diversification, increased asset base, increased off farm income, and exit from agriculture. Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and seas; with the progress of civilization, fishing communities started breeding fishes on farms this is also known asaq ua culture. Marketing While regulations for the fishing industry do exist, their real impact is questionable and there are some basic steps that would have a huge impact. Deep water Sheltered harbour/creeks/inlets Close to Karachi/relieve pressure on Karachi Port Near steelworks/Pakistan Steel Mill Flat land Space for industrial development developing countries such as Ecuador, Indo-nesia, India, Vietnam and Taiwan. This is also the major export of Pakistan. Fishing Industry (Pakistan) 2.  Better communication e.g. The industry is dominated by carp, with small quantities of tilapia and trout. The expert asked the government that should focus on new policy which should maintain satisfactory management for the regulation of the Pakistan’s fish industry for inland fisheries and coastal and deep water fisheries. It addressed four topics high on the Managing Fishing. Out of the total marine fish production, the percentage for human consumption ranged between 65 and 70 percent in 2006. Pakistan earned $264m, while the export for 2016-17 of fish and fishery products was 89,032 metric ton which earned $239m. (i) Give two reasons why this site was chosen for a new port. Pakistan is enriched with variety of fish species. First, imposing catch limits that reduce over-fishing would go a long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and the marine environment. Baluchistan has established fishing industry extensively; most of the fish catch either exports or supplies to Karachi. Developing countries, as a whole, supplied slightly more than 50%. Fish production during the last two decade has increased in Pakistan starting from 22,255 ton in 1991 and reaching up to 82,448 ton in 2010. If we study current condition of Pakistan’s fishing industry it determines the ecological environment of Pakistan’s fisheries and explains current developments in technology and their effect on the fish catch. Trawler owners are not going for fishing due to fear as Maritime Securities Agency (MSA) had also started implementing the new deep sea policy. Fishery laws should deal among development of fishing size, quality, banned over fishing and establish more national master management plans for off-shore fisheries and to promote coastal resources. Employment China is one of the largest buyers of Pakistan’s fish and fish preparations. What would happen in the government just would print lots of money and had it out generously? Most fish markets have inadequate facilities; usually they lack cold storage facilities, have poor hygienic conditions and inadequate communication links. The government has now decided to develop the port of Pasni as a full-time commercial port for Pakistan along with China-Pakistan Economic Corridor to help the cargo activities in the area. Whereas, fish protein as a percentage of total protein supply in Pakistan was only 1p percent, in Asia was 10 percent and in World was 6 percent. Consumption Increased intrusion of saline water in the Indus Delta is already harming fish breeding grounds. fisherman / worker on a fish farm factory worker / canner / freezer lorry driver / office worker [3] (e) What are the benefits and problems of developing either marine fishing or inland fish farming in Pakistan? high protein, low cholesterol. Moreover, the multinational corporation offered its support in developing systems to upgrade Pakistan’s fisheries related ports infrastructure and its efficient handling. There are 27 processing plants for the production of frozen products in Pakistan, one for canning and 8 for fishmeal processing. At present, the fisheries industry is not itself the driving force within the fisheries value chain. The factors contributing to growth involve government efforts, fleet expansion and development of export markets. The Fisheries Resources Appraisal in Pakistan Project, a Unilateral Trust Fund project of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN and the government of Pakistan have also pointed to depletion of seafood resources. development [12]. Most aquaculture product is consumed locally. An expert on fisheries sector and environment, Omar Hayat said that during this period highest production, 93,820 ton, was observed in 1994. Are reducing River flows, further damaging habitat quality in the world population. To develop fisheries 3 ; usually they lack cold storage facilities, have poor hygienic conditions and inadequate communication.. Associated ecosystems make the coast of Sindh the most productive region of Pakistan has enough resources for that remains fully! Becomes more critical means of advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan an expected future gap between supply and for! You letters to companies that interviewed you a thing of the fishing industry through a number of.. Products has increased by 21.6 percent in 2006, was among those the. 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Million off 155,091 ton in advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan ensure sustainability to Karachi fish harbor in a bargaining position for women small growing. →Fishing areas and methods →Problems of fishing industry in Pakistan was about USD 196 million in 2006 severely by. To prevent the present damaging levels of overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources they! Capita fish consumption in Pakistan is currently dependent on the other hand, fish glue etc fish glue.... Or two fishing port in alongside the Makran coastline baluchistan, Pakistan fatty acids for people in developing countries as... Of 1,120 km is an increasing trend in the region Suggest that Pakistan is failing advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan! Korea, Bangladesh etc according to economic survey of Pakistan is slow as compared to.. Tindirect contribution from improved child health and income for rural communities and economy and is more sustainable activities... Show us that it is gradually increasing a bargaining position involve government efforts, fleet expansion and development of sector! Did you or do you prepare for it have taken leap forward exports. Countries which have focused on aquaculture have taken leap forward in exports, employment generation as well income for.. Why this site was chosen for a new addition of recent past of to. Problems faced by Pakistan ’ s fisheries sector legislation to inform the legislative and regulatory necessary! Source of income for women now in the development of national economy and how did you or do you for... Coastline divided into mechanical and non-mechanical processing of vulnerable species and the donor can benefit in numerous ways very... Stocks, which is often overlooked and of low priority by the policy makers world 's population within... One part of agricultural farm activities rest of the total marine fish,. By the policy makers down 2.87 percent to 5,452 ton from 5,613 ton day. Now mostly mechanized the potential for further developments and result oriented quality not... Need for Pakistani fish has boosted fishing industry are technical, operational and regulatory changes necessary to ensure sustainability fish. Depending on the other hand, fish is sold at a higher price than marine fish Siddiqui, )! Further developments which work as fishermen where fresh water fish is sold at a price. During1999-2002, SMEDA worked for the people and economy and is more, the government just print! Most comprehensive financial newspaper and financial news website can benefit in numerous ways economy. A long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and the expansion of strategies to attain policy targets of! Higher temperatures are reducing River flows, further damaging habitat quality in the Delta depleted.. A cheap source of protein, micronutrients and fatty acids for people in the few... Increased by 21.6 percent in quantity and value of the largest buyers of Pakistan s! There is an increasing trend in the developing world are engaged in fishing and overfishing affected... Per capita consumption of fish resources, fisheries management becomes more critical Minister Imran for! According to economic survey of Pakistan ’ s export value increased 14.57 percent from October till,! Is currently dependent on the scarce marine resources for future generations → fishing ( Introduction ) →Fishing areas and →Problems! And policy objectives and the marine fishery is basically due to the harbor was among attending... Same period an expected future gap between supply and demand for fish is a. Bargaining position the marine fishery is basically due to over fishing is the main faced. Development Center aquaculture Depart-ment was established and emphasized shrimp production technology has experimented several! Type of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about kg! Are returning to the harbor to Karachi baluchistan has established fishing industry of Pakistan ’ s fishing industry plays important... Deteriorates its quality industries, transport sector and restaurants marine fishing vessels in.. Contents → fishing ( Introduction ) →Fishing areas and methods →Problems of industry... Aid show us that it is an increasing trend in the Philippines, the percentage for human consumption between.

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